Glossary

TermDefinition
COUNTER Code of Practice for ArticlesA COUNTER standard for the recording, consolidation and reporting of usage at the individual article level of Journal Articles hosted by Publishers, Aggregators, Institutional Repositories and Subject Repositories.
COUNTER Code of Practice for e-ResourcesA code of practice that allows the usage of online information products and services to be measured in a credible, consistent and compatible way using vendor-generated data ( https://www.projectcounter.org/code-of-practice-sections/general-information/ )
COUNTER RobotsInternet robots, crawlers, spiders, etc., listed in the COUNTER Code of Practice ( https://www.projectcounter.org/code-of-practice-sections/general-information/ ). Downloads by these applications are subtracted from the total downloads as part of a process to calculate COUNTER-compliant usage statistics.
COUNTER-compliant usage statisticsUsage statistics which conform to the criteria laid down in the latest COUNTER Code of Practice
CSV formatComma separated values - a file format for data tables suitable for import into spreadsheets such as Excel. One of the usage report formats prescribed by the COUNTER Code of Practice Release 4.
DoubleClicksRequests to download an item where the mouse is clicked twice within thirty seconds are designated as "double clicks" and only counted as one request.
FilteredDataOut (Total downloads)Net figures for downloads after subtraction of COUNTER Robots, IRUS-UK Exclusions and Double Clicks. These figures form the COUNTER-conformant usage statistics.
IngestProcess of collecting data on item downloads from participating repositories and uploading it to IRUS-UK.
IRUS-UK ExclusionsAn additional list of internet robots, crawlers, spiders, etc., used by IRUS-UK in addition to the COUNTER list. Downloads by these applications are subtracted from the total downloads as part of a process to calculate COUNTER-conformant usage statistics.
non-COUNTER-compliant usage statisticsUsage statistics which do not conform to the criteria laid down in the latest COUNTER Code of Practice
ORCIDORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is a persistent identifier for humans, similar in many ways to a Digital Object Identifier or DOI, which uniquely identifies objects.
PIRUS Code of PracticeA Code of Practice for recording and reporting usage at the individual article level established as an outcome of the Jisc-funded PIRUS (Publisher and Institutional Repository Usage Statistics) project ( http://www.projectcounter.org/pirus.html )
PIRUS2 projectThe Publisher and Institution Repository Usage Statistics (PIRUS2) project ( http://www.cranfieldlibrary.cranfield.ac.uk/pirus2/ ) aimed to develop a global standard to enable the recording, reporting and consolidation of online usage statistics for individual journal articles hosted by Institutional Repositories, Publishers and others.
RawDataInTotal of items downloaded from participating repositories. These data are received by IRUS-UK each day using the "Tracker Protocol" and are processed to remove robots and double clicks, resulting in COUNTER-compliant usage statistics.
Shibboleth authenticationA method of managing access to online resources ( http://www.shibboleth.net/ )
SUSHIStandardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative - an automated protocol for harvesting electronic resource usage data ( http://www.niso.org/workrooms/sushi )
Total downloadsThe total downloads that we report are the net figures for downloads from a repository since participating in IRUS-UK after subtraction of COUNTER Robots, IRUS-UK Exclusions and Double Clicks. These figures form the COUNTER-compliant usage statistics.
Total no. of items downloadedThis is the number of individual articles, theses, etc. that has been downloaded from a repository (some once, some multiple times), since that repository participated in IRUS-UK, not how many times they have been downloaded.
TSV formatTab separated values - a file format for data tables suitable for import into spreadsheets such as Excel. One of the usage report formats prescribed by the COUNTER Code of Practice Release 4.
UK Access Management Federation for Education and ResearchAn organisation which manages access to online resources and services for education and research in the UK via Shibboleth ( http://www.ukfederation.org.uk/ )
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